RESIDENTIAL SOLAR SYSTEMS
Going green and swapping your old conventional energy grid (PSEGLI) for a solar panel system is a responsible decision. We understand that, as by now we’ve already helped thousands of Americans like yourself to go solar and invest in today’s smart technology and start saving money, helping the environment, and getting away from your Utility Monopoly. Don’t let the competition fool you; Solar is not a cookie cutter approach. It requires smart engineering to provide a solution that works best for you.
Some of the challenges our knowledgeable staff work to solve are where to site your system, how big or small it should be, what the financial investment deal looks like, and whether you are a good candidate for solar. Only 1 out of 4 homes is good for solar in the first place. Our friendly and efficient Sun Advisors will help you determine whether solar is a right fit for you during a preliminary evaluation. Trees and roof age are some of the qualifying aspects and should you need financing, our team can help find a product that is right for your credit. Solar can be complicated, so our team of sun advisors are trained to make sure that you get the education you need in a digestible format.
Our Modern Technology.
Solar Panels can be integrated in a variety of ways. Panels can be mounted flush to existing angled roofs; most common for residential. A small percentage of residential homes may have a flat roof that requires a ballasted, non-penetrating mounting system. For areas where mounting to an existing structure is impractical, a ground mount can be constructed to secure and angle the panels. Grounds mounts are constructed from steel supports with concrete footings. The rest of the mounting structure is built from aluminum or galvanized steel. We offer custom ground or trellis mount systems in which we build a structure to install the solar PV panels as an addition to your property. E2sys is committed to offering customized solutions that will ensure optimal cost efficiency.
Types of Solar Panels
- Monocrystalline Silicon Panels: Monocrystalline panels use crystalline silicon, a basic semiconductor material. The way to identify whether a panel is Mono or Poly is simple. A Mono panel has individual cells. A Poly type panel is solid with what looks like flakes of silicon pressed together. Monocrystalline panels are typically 18-21% efficient, meaning that for every unit of solar energy that hits the cell, the panel can convert 18-21% of this energy into electricity. These panels are usually more expensive.
- Polycrystalline Silicon Panels: Polycrystalline, or multicrystalline, photovoltaics use a series of cells in place of the single large cell used in monocrystalline panels. They are usually slightly less efficient and therefore less expensive than Monocrystalline panels.
- Amorphous Silicon or Thin Film Panels: Thin-film panels are the lowest efficiency of any current photovoltaic technology at 5-6%. The primary advantage of thin-film panels lies in flexibility and work best where usage is low and space is high.
Grid Tied Inverter
- Off Grid Inverter: The purpose of an “Off Grid inverter” is to simply convert DC power from your batteries, wind generator or petroleum generator with no need to ever connect to the grid and sell power back.
- Grid Tied Inverter: This inverter is the most common for PV systems. It takes the power that your solar panels produce and puts it back into the Utility Company’s lines. With the proper meter, this effectively allows you to net meter. A Grid-Tied Inverter constantly communicates with the Utility Grid, and will automatically shut off the system in the case of a Power Outage.
- Central Inverter: A central inverter uses multiple strings in series to tie together all of the power produced from the system and converts it in a single wall pack. Systems like these are best used in full sun conditions (no shade) as a small bit of shade will drastically reduce the production of the system.
- Micro Inverter: A micro inverter system uses a mini inverter attached to each panel and converts the dc to ac right at the panel source. This allows for a panel to still produce power, even if it is partially shaded, without reducing the efficiency of the rest of the panels.
- Hybrid Inverter: This system is as it sounds – it combines a central inverter with mini optimizers attached to each panel. Typically this system is the most cost effective and the most efficient.
- 30% Federal Income Tax Credit on Total Project Cost
- 25% capped at $5,000.00 Tax Credit from NY State on Primary Residence
The Federal and State Solar Tax Credits (ITC) are a real dollar for dollar reduction of real income taxes that a person would otherwise pay to those governments – not a percentage reduction. The ITC is based on the gross system cost of a solar project and may also include any necessary repairs or upgrades that are specifically required in order to complete the solar installation. For example a homeowner who is required to get a new roof, cut trees and upgrade their meter or service panel, may include the costs as a basis for the ITC. (To explain: the roof costs may only be added for the portion of the roof that the solar panels will sit on and likewise, the trees may only be included if they are specifically shading the area of roof where solar panels are being installed). ITC’s are not available for everyone, they are based on your income and the availability for offset. E2SYS strongly recommends that you consult with your accountant to confirm your eligibility. For most eligible homeowners, the tax credits will reduce an overall project cost by about 30 – 40% or $14,000.00.
The 30% Federal Income Tax Credit is set to reduce in the following schedule:
2020 – 26%
2021 – 22%
2022 – 0%